Basic information about Czech Republic

Most people prefer to gather at least the basic information about their destination and create some sort of a travel plan before „they go on a trip abroad.“ On the other hand, others seek adventurous travel, or spontaneous travel, i.e. completely without any preparations or plans. Regardless of whether you belong to the former group or among the adventure seekers, you should certainly gather some basic facts and accept a bit of practical advice from us before your trip. You should definitely know which language is spoken in the Czech Republic – Czech, what currency to use – Czech koruna – and whether your electrical appliances will work – you will need a transformer and adapter plug. The Czech Republic is situated in the middle of Europe. Thanks to this location at the crossroads of various cultural influences, the Czech Republic has countless points of interest. The land area puts it into a category of smaller countries, on the area of 78 864 square kilometers there live 10.3 million inhabitants. Until the 4thth century B.C. the Czech territory was inhabited by the Celts. In the successive centuries German tribes lived here but slowly they were pushed out by the Slavonic tribes during the migration of peoples. The first formation of a state called The Great Moravian Empire rose in the 9thth century A.D. and fell in the 10thth century A.D. The territory became the Czech State. In the 14thth century there started the biggest expansion of the state under the reign of Charles IV. Prague becomes the capital city of The Holy Roman Empire. In the 16thth century the Kingdom of Bohemia fell under the rule of the Hapsburgs. Their Austro- Hungarian Empire did not end until the World War I when in 1918 the independent Czechoslovak Republic was proclaimed. In 1993 Czechoslovakia split into the Czech and the Slovak Republic. Since May 2004, the Czech Republic has been a member of the European Union; it has been NATO member since 2002. The Czech Republic is a country of great historical and cultural importance. The Czech lands take pride in an extraordinarily high number of monuments. Over 2000 well-preserved castles and chateaux represent an important part of the national cultural heritage. Many of these sights are registered onto the List of World Heritage UNESCO, for example Kutná Hora with an Ossuary and the Cathedral of Saint Barbara, the historical core and castle with a Baroque theatre in Český Krumlov or Telč with a beautiful castle. Prague, the Capital of the Czech Republic, is generally considered to be one of the most splendid cities in the world.

Situation of the CR : In the center of Europe
Borders with countries : Germany, Austria, Slovakia, Poland
Area of the CR : 78 866 square km
Population of the CR : 10,28 million inhabitants
Location of Prague : In the center of Czech Republic, at 50°05″N and 14°27″E
Area of Prague : 496 square km
Population of Prague : 1,21 million inhabitants
Executive language : Czech language
Currency : Czech crown – Czech symbol „Kc“, international symbol „CZK“
  1 Kc = 100 groat, Czech symbol „h“
  Coins: 50h and 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50 Kc
  Banknotes: 50, 100, 200, 500, 1000, 2000, 5000 Kc
  Exchange rates
Time zone : Central European time zone – GMT+1, in summer – GMT+2
Elevation of Prague : 180 –

400 m above sea level

Climate : Mild continental climate
Traffic in Prague : Tram, bus, car, metro, taxi
Electrical Voltage : Voltage 230 V – 50/60 Hz
Important tel. numbers : Fire: 150
  Ambulance: 155
  Police: 158
  City Police: 156
  Road assistance: 1230
  Gas emergency: 1239